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战略金属-科技金属
Update Time : 2022-05-25 View : 1395

Strategic metals are often combined with rare earths, such as high-tech metals or technical metals. However, since the roots of the rare earth and Metals Institute can be traced back to rare earth, we provide two groups. The name "strategic metal" comes from the political and financial fields. "Strategic" because these elements usually represent the basic important source of income of the exporting country. They are also of strategic significance to importing countries that are mainly engaged in these metal processing. We are considering high-tech weapon systems, automobiles, electronic products, pharmaceutical and medical technologies.
Strategic metals include:
Antimony, arsenic, bismuth, cadmium, calcium, chromium, cobalt, gallium, germanium, indium, lithium, magnesium, mercury, molybdenum, niobium, selenium, rhenium, silicon, tantalum, tellurium, ilmenite, titanium, tungsten, zirconium and vanadium
The following list contains the most important metal and alloy components, not compounds:
Beryllium: alloys, especially copper and aluminum; Nuclear weapon (neutron reflector)
Bismuth: Alloy
Cadmium: component of battery
Chromium: alloy composition (chromium vanadium steel, chromium nickel steel, chromium molybdenum steel), coating metal
Gallium: thermometer
Indium: ITO target, liquid crystal display, indium sealing, solder
Iridium: electrode, spark plug
Potassium: forms an alloy with sodium as a coolant for nuclear reactors
Cobalt: Magnet
Magnesium: used for particularly light workpieces; Disposable flash bulb or flash powder
Manganese: alloy composition (manganese steel)
Molybdenum: alloy composition (molybdenum steel) to increase heat resistance
Sodium: forms an alloy with potassium as a coolant for nuclear reactors
Osmium: once existed in incandescent lamps
Palladium: catalysis, hydrogen storage, jewelry
Platinum: jewelry metal, catalysis, one of the most valuable metals
Mercury: thermometer, compact fluorescent lamp
Rhodium: jewelry metal
Ruthenium: catalyst that increases the hardness of platinum and palladium
Tantalum: capacitor
Titanium: lightweight structure regardless of cost, jewelry
Uranium: nuclear reactor, radioactivity, projectile
Vanadium: alloy composition of heat-resistant steel (chromium vanadium steel), catalyst for synthesizing sulfuric acid (vanadium oxide (V))
Tungsten: incandescent lamp (the highest melting point of all metals), special steel, ball point pen refill (ball)
Zirconium: covering of fuel rods in nuclear power plants
战略金属经常与稀土组合在一起,如高科技金属或技术金属。
然而,由于稀土和金属研究所的根源可以追溯到稀土,我们提供了两个小组。“战略金属”这个名字来自政治和金融领域。“战略性”,因为这些要素通常代表出口国的基本重要收入来源。对于主要从事这些金属加工的进口国来说,它们也具有战略意义。我们正在考虑高科技武器系统、汽车、电子产品、制药和医疗技术等。

战略金属包括:

锑、砷、铋、镉、钙、铬、钴、镓、锗、铟、锂、镁、汞、钼、铌、硒、铼、硅、钽、碲、钛铁矿、钛、钨、锆、钒

以下列表包含最重要的金属和合金成分,而不是化合物:

  • :合金,尤其是铜和铝;核武器(中子反射器)

  • :合金

  • :蓄电池的组成部分

  • :合金成分(铬钒钢、铬镍钢、铬钼钢)、镀层金属

  • :温度计

  • :ITO靶材,液晶显示器,铟密封,焊锡

  • :电极、火花塞

  • :与钠形成合金作为核反应堆的冷却剂

  • :磁铁

  • :用于特别轻的工件;一次性闪光灯泡或闪光粉

  • :合金成分(锰钢)

  • :合金成分(钼钢)以增加耐热性

  • :与钾形成合金作为核反应堆的冷却剂

  • : 曾经存在于白炽灯中

  • :催化、储氢、珠宝

  • 铂金:珠宝金属,催化,最有价值的金属之一

  • :温度计、紧凑型荧光灯

  • :珠宝金属

  • :催化剂,增加铂和钯的硬度

  • :电容器

  • :不计成本的轻质结构,珠宝

  • :核反应堆、放射性、射弹

  • :耐热钢的合金成分(铬钒钢),合成硫酸的催化剂(氧化钒(V))

  • :白炽灯(所有金属的最高熔点)、特殊钢、圆珠笔笔芯(球)

  • :核电站燃料棒的覆盖物

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